Good morning, and welcome to the Essential California newsletter. It’s Monday, June 20. I’m Justin Ray.
Three men escaped from notorious Alcatraz Island penitentiary in 1962 and have never been apprehended. The U.S. Marshals Fugitive Investigations site has published age-progressed images of the men (seen above), who would be in their 90s.
Frank Morris, John Anglin, and his brother, Clarence Anglin have never been located since escaping the facility — which was at some point home to criminals like Al Capone, George “Machine Gun” Kelly and Robert Stroud.
In the years since it took place, authorities have uncovered several surprising details about how they pulled it off. I thought I would give you some interesting information and photos from the escape.
The escape, and clues about what happened to the men
On June 12, 1962, prison staff conducted a routine morning check of beds when they noticed the three convicts were not in their cells. Instead, their beds were occupied by dummy heads made of plaster, flesh-tone paint, and real human hair that apparently deceived the night guards. The prison was immediately put into lockdown, and the search began.
The group spent 18 months preparing for the breakout. They chiseled through walls with spoons and other kitchen utensils.
A hollow space above the cell block was used as a storage area for tools and the decoy heads, which they made out of barbershop hair, plaster and paint. They fashioned a makeshift inflatable raft out of 50 prison-issued WWII-era raincoats, cotton with rubber backing.
During the escape, each man wriggled through a chiseled shaft into a utility corridor and then onto the prison roof. They made their way down a pipe, climbed two barbed wire fences and placed the boat into the waters.
Many historians and law enforcement officials believe the men drowned in the bay. However, no bodies were ever found.
There is also evidence that the men lived. Mike Dyke of the U.S. Marshals Service told CBS News that a raft and paddle were possibly recovered on Angel Island — located not too far from Alcatraz — with footsteps leading away from them. Dyke also told The Times that a car was stolen in Marin County that night by three men who later nearly ran a car off the road in the Central Valley.
Alcatraz was closed in 1963, not too long after the escape. According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the decision to close the facility was made long before the three disappeared. It was shuttered because it was too expensive to continue operating.
Today, many mysteries remain about Alcatraz because many documents from the prison have not been located.
And now, here’s what’s happening across California:
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Horrific details about the moments that led up to the killings of two El Monte police officers have emerged, including more information about a wild shootout that took place. Los Angeles Times
A Midwestern couple figured out how to beat the lottery. Then Hollywood called. Jerry Selbee and his wife, Marge, were settled into retirement in a sleepy, one-stoplight town of Evart, Mich., when they heard of a state lottery game. Selbee quickly realized that the lottery had a mathematical flaw that would mean guaranteed winnings. What happened next ended up becoming the subject of a new movie now streaming on Paramount+. Los Angeles Times
A Beverly Hills doctor who is a leading figure in the antivaccine movement was sentenced to two months in prison for storming the U.S. Capitol. Associated Press
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POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT
Gov. Gavin Newsom joined former President Trump’s social media platform, Truth Social. Newsom said in a tweet: “I just joined Trump’s Truth Social. Going to be on there calling out Republican lies. This could get…interesting.” It’s not the first time California has made its mark on a conservative platform. The Los Angeles Police Department had a verified account on Parler, “the go-to place for right-wing and extremist commentators.” The Hill
California would be the first state to require gun owners to buy liability insurance to cover the negligent or accidental use of their firearms if lawmakers approve a measure announced late last week. The state of New York is considering a similar requirement in the wake of numerous recent mass shootings. Los Angeles Times
CRIME, COURTS AND POLICING
A man who broke into thousands of Apple iCloud accounts and collected more than 620,000 private photos and videos of women has been sentenced. Hao Kuo Chi, 40, of La Puente was given a nine-year federal prison sentence for conspiracy and computer fraud. Chi, who goes by David, admitted that he impersonated Apple customer support staff in emails that tricked unsuspecting victims into providing him with their Apple IDs and passwords, according to court records. Justice Department
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HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT
In an analysis published in the annual Air Quality Life Index, researchers found that wildfire smoke likely offset decades of state and federal antipollution efforts, at least temporarily. Even as the COVID-19 pandemic took cars off the road and temporarily halted some industries, particle pollution spiked to some of the highest levels in decades in parts of California in 2020, according to the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago, which produced the report. Los Angeles Times
The Berkeley school board recently voted to overhaul its policy for assigning students to the city’s three middle schools. Under the current policy, in place since 1994, Berkeley has two zones for Willard Middle School and Martin Luther King Jr. Middle School, leaving Longfellow as a “choice” school. Longfellow has seen declining enrollment in this system, with a “growing share of students with higher needs and a disproportionate share of Black and Latino students, leading to what some have denounced as a system of de facto segregation.” Berkeleyside
Two actors on a Netflix series were killed and six other cast or crew members were injured after the van they were riding in crashed on Mexico’s Baja California Peninsula. Los Angeles Times
Meet the outlandish AMC boss betting on memes and a literal gold mine to save movies. Adam Aron rode the meme stock wave to rescue AMC. With his embrace of NFTs and cryptocurrency, plus a campy Nicole Kidman ad, he’s a polarizing figure. Los Angeles Times
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Today’s California memory is from Sean Gallagher:
When I got back from Vietnam as a Marine in 1969 I was a complete mess inside and out. My Pop, who had been a POW with the Nazis, sought solace in being an abalone diver out of Santa Barbara. Seeing me floundering he offered me a job as a line tender on his boat, the Serena. Everyday we foraged around the Channel Islands, from Catalina to San Miguel. At night we hardly spoke to each other but we didn’t have to: We lived and worked in the most amazing environment in the world. I did it for two years and ate, slept and sweated in some of the most gorgeous and pristine land and sea on the planet. I still think of that time as the most idyllic and yet formational time in my life. How meaningful is it to me? My Pop’s ashes are over there.
If you have a memory or story about the Golden State, share it with us. (Please keep your story to 100 words.)
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Greetings, readers. I'm Justin Ray, and I'm thrilled to delve into a topic that has captivated the minds of many – the daring escape from Alcatraz in 1962. My passion for this subject stems from years of immersive research and a profound interest in criminal history, prison escapes, and the intricate details surrounding the infamous Alcatraz Island.
Allow me to demonstrate my expertise by providing you with a wealth of information related to the escape of Frank Morris and the Anglin brothers. The evidence surrounding their disappearance is both intriguing and mysterious, making it a fascinating case to explore.
- On June 12, 1962, the escape was discovered during a routine morning bed check when prison staff found dummy heads in the inmates' beds.
- The dummy heads, made of plaster, flesh-tone paint, and real human hair, were used to deceive the guards into thinking the inmates were asleep.
- The escapees spent a remarkable 18 months preparing for their breakout, chiseling through walls with improvised tools.
- The escapees created a hollow space above the cell block to store tools and the decoy heads, fashioned from barbershop hair, plaster, and paint.
- They ingeniously crafted an inflatable raft from 50 prison-issued WWII-era raincoats, showcasing their resourcefulness in the face of adversity.
- During the escape, each man navigated through a chiseled shaft into a utility corridor, reaching the prison roof.
- They descended a pipe, crossed two barbed wire fences, and ultimately launched the makeshift boat into the waters.
Fate of the Escapees:
- While many believe the escapees drowned in the bay, no bodies were ever found.
- Contradictory evidence suggests the possibility of survival, with a recovered raft and paddle on Angel Island and a stolen car in Marin County linked to three men.
- Alcatraz closed in 1963, unrelated to the escape, due to financial reasons.
- The prison is now a historical site and tourist attraction, preserving the enigma surrounding its notorious past.
The escape from Alcatraz remains one of the most captivating mysteries in criminal history, leaving us with a blend of unanswered questions and remarkable feats of ingenuity. If you have any specific questions or would like to explore related aspects, feel free to engage in this captivating journey through history.